What is Rheumatology?

Rheumatology is a very specific specialty that is part of  medical field. Recently this field has seen rapid change due to rapid technological and scientific advancements as well as an expanded focus on researching immunology. These advancements have caused the medical field to realize that a majority of rheumotological illnesses are actually caused by an autoimmune disorder. This has opened up many new avenues of research as well as exciting ways of treating a patient in a more effective and, in many cases, less invasive methods.

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Who is Rheumatologist?

A rheumatologist is a doctor qualified by additional training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of more than 200 different rheumatologic diseases. Their focus is on conservative, non-surgical &  surgical  treatment of osteoarthritis and regional musculoskeletal conditions, but also on managing autoimmune rheumatic diseases.

What is Arthritis & What are Rheumatic disease?

Arthritis is a term used to describe a group of over 100 diseases characterized by inflammation in the joints or other areas of the body. Inflammation is a medical term that describes redness and swelling which causes pain and, when in the joints, can also cause stiffness. Arthritis (arthro = joint, itis = inflammation) can involve almost any part of the body, most often affecting the hip, knee, spine or other weight-bearing joints, but also found in the fingers and other non-weight-bearing joints.

There are more than 200 specific rheumatic diseases known today which span from various types of arthritis to osteoporosis, and on to systemic connective tissue diseases. Among the first disorders to be defined were rheumatoid arthritis, gout and osteoarthritis.

What are common signs & symptoms of Arthritis?

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Decreased range of motion

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It is an auto-immune disease. It involves all joints in the body specially small joints of  hands, it start as small hand joint & all system in the body.

It is also a type of auto-immune disease. It starts with lower back pain which is more at  morning , in middle of night & lower back & buttock pain. It also involves whole of spine &  all joints in the body . If not treated patient get difficulty in doing daily routine activities.

It is an degenerative disease or disease of old age. It mostly involve weight bearing joints, mostly knee joint. Other joint also involves. We can delay or decrease the rate of degeneration by correcting some things. It has large burden as per survey. Almost 12% people get involves  by this disease.

It is a disease in which calcium from bones get loss & bones become weak. It affect all bones in the body.  As advance in modern science we are getting more & more  young patients having Osteoporosis, lack of vitamin D, Sun-exposure, improper diet, lack of  exercise, lack of calcium diet these all are responsible & it is preventable.

It also known as Plantarfascitis or Retrocalcaneal Bursitis, it causes pain around heel,
it has many reason. It is controllable & Curable.

It is a disease of muscle & psychosomatic disorder. these are mild to sever pain at various  points in the body, most of time majority of invertications are normal & not relive by other  medications, young female get more affected by this disease. It has better treatments if diagnosed properly.

There are multiple causes of lower, middle upper back pain. It is overlap by various  connective tissue, auto-immune disease, inflammatory & non inflammatory disease , mechanical  or spondylogenic pain. It needs proper history & examination & invertication to know the type  & proper treatment.

It is a kind of disease of shoulder joint & capsule. There is pain around shoulder & gradually decrease the movement of shoulder & upper arm. It need proper diagnosis, regular medicine &  regular exercise.

It is a disease of improper protein metabolism.
There is deposition of uric acid in joints which cause sever pain.